Grave inscription


N.B. Chinese text may not display vertically in some browsers.





The text is transcribed from photographs of the tomb engraving of Seah Eu Chin, located on Grave Hill in Toa Payoh. The inscription contains honorary official titles awarded by the Qing imperial government. Seah Eu Chin's widow died in 1905. This inscription must therefore be from that year or later, although the language used indicates that the honorary titles were conferred while she was still alive (see below).

"Hucker" refers to numbered entry in Charles O Hucker, A dictionary of official titles in Imperial China (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1985).

Explanation of imperial patents and mandates from the National Palace Museum, Taiwan.

Back to Resources

Original content and web presentation Copyright (c) 2007-2016 Brandon Seah